All surgery carries some risks. Complications following hip arthroscopy surgery are rare,
Complications can include general surgical risks as well as specific hip arthroscopy risks: General surgical risks comprise Standard anaesthetic risks which your anaesthetist will explain to you. Infection risk would be approximately 1:1000. Blood clots (thrombosis) in the leg following hip arthroscopy are exceptionally rare and Mr Singh recommends you were compression stocking (TEDS) for two weeks following your surgery and will provide you with blood thinning injection at the time of your surgery to reduce to the risk of any clots developing. Bleeding – this is can occur if a major blood vessel is damage and is extremely rare.
Specific Hip Arthroscopy risks are rare and comprise nerve paraesthesia or numbness – sometimes the leg traction used during the procedure can lead to pressure on the nerves in the groin. This can cause temporary numbness around the groin or genitalia. This is uncommon and although there is a theoretical risk that this numbness could be permanent, there has been no such problem and all cases of numbness have recovered usually in a few days. Numbness around the incisions is rare and can lead to permanent numbness or altered sensation around the side of the hip.
Avascular necrosis of the femoral head where the blood supply to the ball of the hip joint could be lost is very rare. Fractured neck of femur is very rare following bone removal. Abdominal compartment syndrome is caused by fluid extravasation into the abdomen is extremely rare Technical complications – in certain hips it may not be possible to access the hip joint safely and the surgery may need to be abandoned in order to avoid any damage.
Also, instruments can break within the joint which may require open surgery if they cannot be retrieved through the key hole incisions. This is extremely uncommon.